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Title:Acute Toxicity of Ingested Bismuth Alloy Shot in Game-farm Mallards
Author(s):Sanderson, Glen C.; Anderson, William L.; Foley, George L.; Skowron, Loretta M.; Brawn, Jeffrey D.; Seets, James W.
Contributor(s):Rice, Thomas E.; Warwick, Charles
bird hunting
Anas platyrhynchos
Abstract:In a 30-day study involving penned game-farm mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), no harmful health effects were detected from dosing with either six, No. 4, bismuth/tin (Bi/Sn) alloy shot or six, No. 4, steel (Fe) shot, as compared with sham (0 shot) dosing. Survival, hematocrit (Hct) values, body weight, and mean weights of kidneys, livers, gonads, and gizzards were not affected. Mean concentrations of nutritionally essential elements (calcium [Ca], phosphorous [P], magnesium [Mg], zinc [Zn], copper [Cu], Fe, and Sn) were different among doses and between sexes in kidneys, livers, and gonads. However, concentrations of these elements in these organs and tissues in Bi-dosed ducks were not different from both 0- and Fe-dosed ducks. Bi/Sn alloy shot, as tested in this study, elicited no indications of toxicity in game-farm mallard ducks.
Issue Date:1997-04
Publisher:Champaign, Ill. : Illinois Natural History Survey
Citation Info:Sanderson, G.C, W.L. Anderson, GJL. Foley, L.M. Skowron, J.D. Brawn, and J.W. Seets. 1997. Acute toxicity of ingested bismuth alloy shot in game-farm mallards. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 35(3): 185-2 16.
Series/Report:Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin; v. 035, no. 03
Genre:Journal (whole)
Publication Status:published or submitted for publication
Peer Reviewed:is peer reviewed
Rights Information:Copyright 1997 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. All rights reserved.
Date Available in IDEALS:2011-09-07

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