Files in this item



application/pdf1993_silva.pdf (5MB)Restricted to U of Illinois


Title:Thermal and denaturation studies of the time-resolved fluorescence decay of superoxide dismutase
Author(s):Silva, Norberto De Jesus
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Gratton, E.
Department / Program:Physics
Subject(s):human superoxide dismutase
fluorescence decay
Abstract:Time-resolved fluorescence of single tryptophan proteins have demonstrated the complexity of protein dynamic and structure. In particular, for some single tryptophan proteins, their fluorescence decay is best described by a distribution of fluorescence lifetimes rather than one or two lifetimes. Furthermore, the behavior of the lifetime distributions with environmental changes is consistent with the hypothesis that proteins fluctuate between a hierarchy of many conformational substates. With this scenario as a theoretical framework, the correlations between protein dynamic and structure are investigated by studying the time-resolved fluorescence and anisotropy decay of the single tryptophan (Trp) residue of human superoxide dismutase (HSOD) over a wide range of temperatures and at different denaturant concentrations. First, it is demonstrated that the center of the lifetime distribution can characterize the average deactivation environment of the excited Trp-protein system. A qualitative model is introduced to explain the time-resolved fluorescence decay of HSOD in 80% glycerol over a wide range of temperatures. The dynamical model features isoenergetic conformational substates separated by a hierarchy of energy barriers. The HSOD system is also investigated as a function of denaturant concentration in aqueous solution. As a function of guanidine hydrochloride (GdHCl), the width of the fluorescence lifetime distribution of HSOD displays a maximum which is not coincident with the fully denatured form of HSOD at 6.5M GdHCl. Furthermore, the width for the fully denatured form of HSOD is greater than that of the native form. This is consistent with the scenario that more conformational substates are being created upon denaturation of HSOD. HSOD is a dimeric protein and it was observed that the width of the lifetime distribution of HSOD at intermediate GdHCl concentrations increased with decreasing protein concentration. In addition, the secondary structure of HSOD at intermediate GdHCl concentration does not change with protein concentration. These results suggest that HSOD display structural microheterogeneity which is consistent with the hypothesis of conformational substates. Further analysis show that, during denaturation, the monomeric form of HSOD is an intermediate which displays native-like secondary structure and :fluctuating tertiary structure; i.e., the monomeric form of HSOD is a molten globule.
Issue Date:1993
Genre:Dissertation / Thesis
Rights Information:1993 Norberto De Jesus Silva
Date Available in IDEALS:2012-01-25

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Item Statistics