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Title:Towards decomposition of phosphonates in water using catalytic membranes: paraquat on silica as a proxy
Author(s):Barna, Shama
Advisor(s):Shannon, Mark A.; Scheeline, Alexander
Department / Program:Mechanical Sci & Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Paraquat Removal
Silica Adsorbents
Peroxide Functionality
Abstract:Phosphonate compounds are acutely toxic and have strong interactions with surfaces, which makes the detection and cleanup of such compounds necessary, but difficult, in a water treatment plant. If materials capable of catalyzing phosphonate decomposition are identified, the combined application of catalytic materials and membranes can lead to the effective treatment of wastewater with phosphonates and ensure subsequent removal of degradation by-products. The focus of this MSc thesis is to conduct a feasibility study of using silica supported catalysts as membrane materials to treat wastewater containing phosphonates. Because adsorption confounds the ability to study phosphonate decontamination chemistry, an equally important but easier to study compound, paraquat dichloride, has been selected for initial investigation. Both adsorption and decomposition kinetics have been explored utilizing different analytical techniques such as liquid chromatography mass spectrometry and UV-Vis spectrometry. The results demonstrate strong adsorption by the contaminant onto silica surfaces. Competitive binding model predictions are found to be consistent with experimental adsorption data. Addition of an exogenous agent (e.g. H2O2) was also attempted to assist paraquat decomposition; however, investigation of paraquat-H2O2 interaction both in presence and absence of the catalysts indicate that peroxide functionality was not effective for chemical decomposition of paraquat.
Issue Date:2012-02-01
Genre:Dissertation / Thesis
Rights Information:Copyright 2011 Shama Barna
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-02-01
Date Deposited:2011-12

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