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Title:Genomic signatures of recent selection at HIV host susceptibility genes in a Central African human population
Author(s):Zhao, Kai
Advisor(s):Roca, Alfred L.
Department / Program:Animal Sciences
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
AIDS Restriction Genes
Cullin-5 (CUL5)
Tripartite motif-containing protein 5 (TRIM5)
HIV dependency factor (HDF)
Abstract:Multiple independent transfers of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) strains from chimpanzees to human populations produced the current HIV-1 pandemic. We hypothesized that Central African human populations may have been exposed to SIV prior to the current pandemic, and that previous local outbreaks may have selected for genetic resistance to immunodeficiency viruses. To test this hypothesis, I examined the genomes of Biaka Western pygmies, who historically have resided in forests within the range of the only chimpanzee subspecies (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) that carries strains of SIV ancestral to HIV-1. SNP genotypes of the Biaka were compared to those of an Eastern pygmy population and to other African groups residing outside the range of P. t. troglodytes. Genomic regions showing signatures of selection were compared to the genomic locations of AIDS restriction genes (ARGs), genes with known variants that affect HIV-1 infection or AIDS progression. In the Biaka, a strong signal of selection was detected at the ARG CUL5, with a modest signal of selection at the ARG TRIM5. Using a different test of selection, Biaka genomes showed a strong signal of selection at the ARG TSG101. Pygmies have also been found to carry genotypes protective against HIV-1 for the ARGs CCR2, CCL3L1 and CCR5.
Issue Date:2012-02-01
Genre:Dissertation / Thesis
Rights Information:Copyright 2011 Kai Zhao
Date Available in IDEALS:2012-02-01
Date Deposited:2011-12

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