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Title:Development of a research and demonstration facility for the evaluation of stormwater runoff, erosion control, and sediment control best management practices
Author(s):Monical, Joseph
Advisor(s):Kalita, Prasanta K.
Department / Program:Engineering Administration
Discipline:Agricultural & Biological Engr
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):erosion control
sediment control
best management practices
stormwater runoff
Abstract:Construction and land development projects often alter intrinsic hydrologic responses, thereby contributing to increased rates and volumes of stormwater runoff and soil erosion. Soil erosion is a major global environmental problem and the fourth leading cause of water quality impairment in U.S. Although many commercial products are available for erosion and sediment control, there is currently a deficit in objective quantitative performance evaluations of such products under an adequate range of locally relevant climate conditions and soil types. To address these concerns, an Erosion Control Research and Training Center (ECRTC) has recently been established at the University of Illinois to perform research and evaluate stormwater management, soil erosion control, and sediment control best management practices (BMPs). This site includes a large earthen berm, a detention pond, and three channels of varying configurations. Four erosion plots, runoff collection structures, and a portable rainfall simulator were designed and calibrated to evaluate hillslope erosion control on the berm. A demonstration of three different check dam series was performed in the channels, and various flow conditions used to explore evaluation methodology. Five demonstration vegetation plots with different cover practices for a native grass seed mixture were implemented and monitored to evaluate their performance. Preliminary results indicated that the compost and mulch covers led to greater vegetation establishment than either hydromulch treatment. The establishment of the research site has provided insights into appropriate strategies for the field evaluation of erosion control and sediment control BMPs, and will continue to allow any related products to be objectively and quantitatively evaluated under locally relevant conditions.
Issue Date:2012-02-06
Genre:Dissertation / Thesis
Rights Information:Copyright 2011 Joseph Monical
Date Available in IDEALS:2012-02-06
Date Deposited:2011-12

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