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Title:Simulation of suspended sediment and contaminant transport in shallow water using two-dimensional depth-averaged model with unstructured meshes
Author(s):Zhu, Zhenduo
Advisor(s):Garcia, Marcelo H.
Department / Program:Civil & Environmental Eng
Discipline:Civil Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):sediment transport
contaminant transport
finite volume method
unstructured meshes
Abstract:With growing global populations and human activities, the problems of sediment transport and environmental hydraulics have been becoming more and more important and valued. Computational fluid dynamics is a very useful and powerful tool in those studies. In 2008, Dr. Liu developed a two-dimensional model HydroSed which solves for 2D shallow water equations and sediment bedload transport equation at Hydrosystems Laboratory, UIUC. In this thesis, the author further modifi es and improves the HydroSedv1.0 model so that the model is able to deal with the transport of contaminant. In addition, the transport of suspended sediment is added and it is coupled with bed evolution. The 2D advection-di usion equation with source/sink terms is solved by finite volume method using Godunov scheme explicitly on unstructured meshes. Roe's approach is used to solve Riemann problem because the analytical solver is much computationally slower. Slope-limiter approaches are applied in order to get higher accuracy. Several pure advection tests are simulated to evaluate the performance of the model and the effect of diff erent slope-limiter approaches. Furthermore, a dye-tracer study in the Chicago River is simulated for verifying the model in a real-world project. The numerical results show satisfactory matches with the field measurement data. A widely used three-dimensional model EFDC is also used for comparison. Both pure advection tests and dye-tracer study demonstrate that the performance of the model is satisfactory. The model is applied to study the potential impacts of planned hydraulic structures in the Canar River, Ecuador. The effects to both water flow during flood and sediment transport are studied. Due to the lack of eld data in terms of water surface elevation, flow discharges and velocities in this river, the HydroSed model can help to a large extent to understand the problem and work together with a 1D model and other techniques for optimized designs.
Issue Date:2012-02-06
Genre:Dissertation / Thesis
Rights Information:Copyright 2011 Zhenduo Zhu
Date Available in IDEALS:2012-02-06
Date Deposited:2011-12

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