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Title:Estimation of the vertical wavelength of atmospheric gravity waves from airglow imagery
Author(s):Kanwar, Uday
Advisor(s):Makela, Jonathan J.
Department / Program:Electrical & Computer Eng
Discipline:Electrical & Computer Engr
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Atmospheric Gravity Waves
Parameter estimation
Gabor filter
Vertical wavelength
Greenline emission
New Mexico
National Solar Observatory
Abstract:Abstract In the summer of 2010, two imagers were installed in New Mexico with the objective of making stereoscopic observations of atmospheric gravity waves (AGWs). As AGWs propagate vertically, they spatially perturb the airglow emission layers in all three dimensions. Estimates of the vertical wavelength, horizontal wavelength, and the intrinsic frequency are needed to characterize an AGW and quantify its effects on upper atmospheric dynamics. The dispersion relation describes the relationship between vertical and horizontal wavelengths as a function of the intrinsic frequency. Thus, any two of the three aforementioned parameters can be used to determine the third. Mesospheric winds are hard to measure and consequently the intrinsic frequency is difficult to estimate. However, the horizontal wavelength can be directly measured from airglow imagery once the three-dimensional imager field of view is projected onto the two-dimensional image plane. This thesis presents a method to estimate the vertical wavelength using an airglow perturbation model proposed by Anderson et al. (2009). The model is subsequently validated using the observations from ground-based imagers installed in New Mexico. Abstract The perturbed airglow is modeled as a quasi-monochromatic wave and thus, it can be characterized using only a few parameters, one of which is the vertical wavelength. Because the vertical wavelength is embedded in both the phase and the magnitude of this model, two values of the vertical wavelength are estimated by applying two different parameter estimation techniques on the phase and magnitude. The estimation of the vertical wavelength from the phase of the model entails solving an overdetermined system of linear equations by minimizing the sum of the squared residuals. This estimate is then compared to that obtained by iteratively finding the best approximation to the roots of a function, representing the magnitude of the perturbation model. These two techniques are applied on three nights in 2010, and the estimates for the vertical wavelength match to within a few kilometers. Thus, the perturbation model is validated using real data.
Issue Date:2012-02-06
Genre:Dissertation / Thesis
Rights Information:Copyright 2011 Uday Kanwar
Date Available in IDEALS:2012-02-06
Date Deposited:2011-12

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