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High-resolution sinusoidal analysis for resolving harmonic collisions in music audio signal processing

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Title: High-resolution sinusoidal analysis for resolving harmonic collisions in music audio signal processing
Author(s): Ehmann, Andreas
Advisor(s): Hasegawa-Johnson, Mark
Contributor(s): Beauchamp, James W.; Downie, J. Stephen; Do, Minh
Department / Program: Electrical & Computer Eng
Discipline: Electrical & Computer Engr
Degree Granting Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree: Ph.D.
Genre: Doctoral
Subject(s): signal processing audio music
Abstract: Many music signals can largely be considered an additive combination of multiple sources, such as musical instruments or voice. If the musical sources are pitched instruments, the spectra they produce are predominantly harmonic, and are thus well suited to an additive sinusoidal model. However, due to resolution limits inherent in time-frequency analyses, when the harmonics of multiple sources occupy equivalent time-frequency regions, their individual properties are additively combined in the time-frequency representation of the mixed signal. Any such time-frequency point in a mixture where multiple harmonics overlap produces a single observation from which the contributions owed to each of the individual harmonics cannot be trivially deduced. These overlaps are referred to as overlapping partials or harmonic collisions. If one wishes to infer some information about individual sources in music mixtures, the information carried in regions where collided harmonics exist becomes unreliable due to interference from other sources. This interference has ramifications in a variety of music signal processing applications such as multiple fundamental frequency estimation, source separation, and instrumentation identification. This thesis addresses harmonic collisions in music signal processing applications. As a solution to the harmonic collision problem, a class of signal subspace-based high-resolution sinusoidal parameter estimators is explored. Specifically, the direct matrix pencil method, or equivalently, the Estimation of Signal Parameters via Rotational Invariance Techniques (ESPRIT) method, is used with the goal of producing estimates of the salient parameters of individual harmonics that occupy equivalent time-frequency regions. This estimation method is adapted here to be applicable to time-varying signals such as musical audio. While high-resolution methods have been previously explored in the context of music signal processing, previous work has not addressed whether or not such methods truly produce high-resolution sinusoidal parameter estimates in real-world music audio signals. Therefore, this thesis answers the question of whether high-resolution sinusoidal parameter estimators are really high-resolution for real music signals. This work directly explores the capabilities of this form of sinusoidal parameter estimation to resolve collided harmonics. The capabilities of this analysis method are also explored in the context of music signal processing applications. Potential benefits of high-resolution sinusoidal analysis are examined in experiments involving multiple fundamental frequency estimation and audio source separation. This work shows that there are indeed benefits to high-resolution sinusoidal analysis in music signal processing applications, especially when compared to methods that produce sinusoidal parameter estimates based on more traditional time-frequency representations. The benefits of this form of sinusoidal analysis are made most evident in multiple fundamental frequency estimation applications, where substantial performance gains are seen. High-resolution analysis in the context of computational auditory scene analysis-based source separation shows similar performance to existing comparable methods.
Issue Date: 2012-02-06
Genre: thesis
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/29784
Rights Information: Copyright 2011 Andreas F. Ehmann
Date Available in IDEALS: 2012-02-06
Date Deposited: 2011-12
 

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