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Title:Added Sugar Intake and Weekend Television Viewing is Related to Increased Central Adiposity among Prepubertal Children
Author(s):Schuld, Bridget; Khan, Naiman
Contributor(s):Raine, Lauren; Drollette, Eric; Scudder, Mark; Pontifex, Matthew; Donovan, Sharon; Evans, Ellen; Castelli, Darla; Hillman, Charles
Abstract:Central adiposity is strongly related to insulin resistance and is the most clinically relevant type of body fat in children as is the case in adults. This study aimed to determine diet and media use components related to central adiposity among 229 prepubertal children (8.85 ± 0.59 years). It was hypothesized that increased sugar intake and television viewing will be related to increased central adiposity. Parents reported their child’s weekend television viewing (TV). Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and one 24-hour recall were used to assess fitness and diet, respectively. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure percent fat mass (%Fat) and central adiposity (FM-abd). Gender specific waist circumference-for-age percentiles (WC-age) were determined. Among females, increased FM-abd was related to weekend TV (r=0.22, p=0.02), intake of added sugars (r=0.36, p=0.03), and cholesterol-to-saturated fatty acid index (r=0.28, p=0.22). These relationships remained significant after controlling for fitness and total diet energy density (kcals/grams). Among males, no diet or media use variables were related to FM-abd. Females above the 75th percentile cutoff of WC-age (N=32) had higher energy intake (p=0.04), added sugars (p<0.01), and cholesterol-to-saturated fatty index (p=0.03) than females below the cutoff. Weekend TV and added sugar intake appears to be related to central adiposity, independent of fitness and energy density. These relationships were only significant among females and not males suggesting that dietary and sedentary behaviors may have differential health-related outcomes for prepubertal children based on gender.
Issue Date:2012-04-11
Genre:Conference Poster
Publication Status:unpublished
Peer Reviewed:not peer reviewed
Sponsor:NIH HD055352
Date Available in IDEALS:2012-04-13

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