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Title: Measurement of the differential angular distribution of the W boson produced in association with jets in proton-antiproton collisions at sqrt (s)= 1.8 TeV;
Measurement of the differential angular distribution of the W boson produced in association with jets in proton-antiproton collisions at squareroot (s)= 1.8 TeV
Author(s): Strologas, John
Director of Research: Errede, S. M.
Department / Program: Physics
Discipline: Physics
Degree: Ph.D.
Genre: Dissertation
Subject(s): transverse momentum
bosons
particle physics
W boson
proton-antiproton collisions
Abstract: The full differential cross section of the W boson produced in a proton-antiproton collider can be written as a sum of nine terms. Each term is a product of an analytical expression of the azimuthal and polar angles (cp and 0) of the charged lepton from the W decay measured in the W-rest frame (leptonic part) times a helicity cross section (hadronic part). By dividing the helicity cross sections by the full unpolarized cross section we end up with eight angular coefficients (A0 - A7), which describe theW decay distribution. At low W transverse momentum, only one of the angular coefficients is non-zero. In order to study all the coefficients, we need to study the production of the W at high transverse momentum, in association with the production of jets that balance this transverse momentum. In this thesis we present the first measurement of the A2 and A3 angular coefficients, for four ranges of the W transverse momentum p}f. We performed the analysis on CDF Run Ia and Run Ib W --+ eve data (integrated luminosity of 110 pb-1 ) and W -> uvu data (integrated luminosity of 107 pb-1) with the requirement for the existence of at least one jet passing the CDF jet requirements. We directly measure the cp angle of the charged lepton in the Collins-Soper W rest-frame. In this frame, cp is exactly known, in spite of our ignorance of the longitudinal momentum of the decay neutrino. Moreover, theW-mass systematic uncertainty on the measured azimuthal angle is negligible. We extract measurements for the electron and muon channel W decays, and the statistical combination of the two. We also present the Standard Model prediction for the W angular coefficients Ai as a function of p}f, using a W +jet Monte Carlo event generator, which includes gluon loops. The prediction for three of the angular coefficients (A1 , A4 and A6 ) is presented for the first time.
Issue Date: 2002
Genre: Dissertation / Thesis
Type: Text
Language: English
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/30824
Rights Information: © Copyright by John Strologas, 2002
Date Available in IDEALS: 2012-05-08
Identifier in Online Catalog: 4591835


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