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Title:BEC-BCS crossover with Feshbach resonance for three-hyperfine-species model
Author(s):Zhu, Guojun
Director of Research:Leggett, Anthony J.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Baym, Gordon A.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Leggett, Anthony J.; DeMarco, Brian L.; Willenbrock, Scott S.
Department / Program:Physics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Bose-Einstein condensation
alkali gas
Abstract:The BEC-BCS crossover problem has been intensively studied both theoretically and experimentally largely thanks to Feshbach resonances which allow us to tune the effective interaction between alkali atoms. In a Feshbach resonance, the effective s-wave scattering length grows when one moves toward the resonance point, and eventually diverges at this point. There is one characteristic energy scale, $\delta_c$, defined as, in the negative side of the resonance point, the detuning energy at which the weight of the bound state shifts from predominatedly in the open-channel to predominated in the closed-channel. When the many-body energy scale (e.g. the Fermi energy, $E_{F}$) is larger than $\delta_c$, the closed-channel weight is significant and has to be included in the many-body theory. Furthermore, when two channels share a hyperfine species, the Pauli exclusion between fermions from two channels also needs to be taken into consideration in the many-body theory. The current thesis addresses the above problem in detail. A set of gap equations and number equations are derived at the mean-field level. The fermionic and bosonic excitation spectra are then derived. Assuming that the uncoupled bound-state of the closed-channel in resonance is much smaller than the inter-particle distance, as well as the s-wave scattering length, $a_s$, we find that the basic equations in the single-channel crossover model are still valid. The correction first comes from the existing of the finite chemical potential and additional counting complication due to the closed-channel. These two corrections need to be included into the mean-field equations, i.e. the gap equations and the number equations, and be solved self-consistently. Then the correction due to the inter-channel Pauli exclusion is in the order of the ratio of the Fermi energy and the Zeeman energy difference between two channels, $E_F/\eta$, which can be analyzed perturbatively over the previous corrections. Fermionic and bosonic excitation modes are studied. Similarly as the mean-field result, the basic structure follows that of the single-channel model, and the correction due to the inter-channel Pauli exclusion can be treated perturbatively with expansion parameter in the order of $E_F/\eta$. In the bosonic excitation, a new out-of-sync phase mode emerges for the two-component order parameters. It is nevertheless gapped at the the pair-breaking energy.
Issue Date:2012-05-22
Rights Information:Copyright 2011 Guojun Zhu
Date Available in IDEALS:2012-05-22
Date Deposited:2012-05

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