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Title:On the logical integrity of children's arguments
Author(s):Anderson, Richard C.; Chinn, Clark A.; Chang, Janice; Waggoner, Martha
Subject(s):arguments
children's arguments
naturally occurring arguments
4th grade
informal deductivism
speech act theory
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to investigate properties of children's naturally occurring arguments. The arguments were sampled from transcripts of 20 discussions held in 4 fourth-grade classrooms. The principal findings were that children's arguments are filled with seemingly vague referring expressions; that the arguments sometimes do not contain explicit conclusions; and that the arguments almost never contain explicit warrants to authorize conclusions. However, the missing or obliquely identified information usually is given in the text or preceding discussion or is a commonplace from everyday life and readily inferable by actively-cooperative participants in the discussion. Children seldom back their arguments by appealing to general principles, except when the foundation for the argument is disputed or seems confusing. At a more general level, we conclude that it is possible to give a coherent account of children's arguments within the framework of informal deductivism augmented with speech act theory.
Issue Date:1995-11
Publisher:Champaign, Ill. : University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Center for the Study of Reading.
Series/Report:Center for the Study of Reading Technical Report ; no. 628
Genre:Technical Report
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/31285
Rights Information:Copyright 1995 Board of Trustees University of Illinois
Date Available in IDEALS:2012-05-30
Identifier in Online Catalog:5310742


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