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Salience, similes, and the asymmetry of similarity

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Title: Salience, similes, and the asymmetry of similarity
Author(s): Ortony, Andrew; Vondruska, Richard J.; Foss, Mark A.
Subject(s): asymmetry of similarity salience imbalance
Abstract: Models of similarity have traditionally assumed that the similarity relation is symmetrical. However, when reversed, similarity statements frequently have different properties from those of the original. Previous attempts to account for the asymmetry of similarity, have focused only on literal comparisons, resulting in a tendency to underestimate the degree of asymmetry in non-literal comparisons (i.e., similes). A model of similarity is proposed to account for the varying degrees of asymmetry found in all kinds of natural language comparisons. In this model, asymmetry is attributed to an imbalance in the salience of the shared attributes. Studies are reported which test key aspects of the model. The results appear to provide converging evidence for the claim that asymmetry of similarity is due at least in part to salience imbalance.
Issue Date: 1985-03
Publisher: Champaign, Ill. : University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Center for the Study of Reading.Cambridge, Mass. : Bolt Beranek and Newman, Inc.
Series/Report: Center for the Study of Reading Technical Report ; no. 332
Genre: Technical Report
Type: Text
Language: English
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2142/31293
Rights Information: Copyright 1985 Board of Trustees University of Illinois
Date Available in IDEALS: 2012-05-30
Identifier in Online Catalog: 2669904
OCLC Identifier: 14641191
 

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