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Title:Improvement of stress-energy tensor using space-time symmetries
Author(s):Bandyopadhyay, Akash
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Oono, Yoshitsugu
Department / Program:Physics
Subject(s):stress-energy tensor
Abstract:In 1970 Callan, Coleman, and Jackiw found that it is always possible to improve the symmetric stress-energy tensor of a renormalizable relativistic field theory over (3+1)-dimensional flat space-time manifold. The improved stress-energy tensor defines the same field energy-momentum and angular momentum as the conventional tensor, and it is traceless for a non-interacting field theory when all coupling constants are physically dimensionless. The question for existence of an improved stress-energy tensor for a scale invariant relativistic field theory on a (1+1)-dimensional flat space-time manifold has been a long standing open problem for almost 30 years. In this thesis, I develop the weakest set of necessary and sufficient conditions for existence of a conserved symmetric traceless stress-energy tensor for a scale invariant relativistic field theory over a d-dimensional flat space-time manifold. This improved tensor, which defines the same conserved charges as the canonical tensor, has been explicitly constructed for arbitrary space-time dimensions including d = 2 intrinsically from the flat space-time field theory without coupling it with gravity. As an example, I derive the improved tensor of (1+1)-dimensional Liouville field theory. We discuss two remarkable results: (1) full conformal symmetry over the flat space-time is sufficient but not necessary for the existence of an improved tensor; (2) quite surprisingly, the improved stress-energy tensor exists in all space-time dimensions for a free massless Abelian U(1) gauge theory provided the gauge symmetry has been broken in favor of Lorentz gauge for d ≠ 2,4.
Issue Date:2001
Genre:Dissertation / Thesis
Rights Information:©2001 Akash Bandyopadhyay
Date Available in IDEALS:2012-05-31
Identifier in Online Catalog:4377422

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