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Title:Counterion Behavior in Biopolymers
Author(s):Angelini, Thomas
Director of Research:Wong, Gerard C.L.
Department / Program:Physics
Discipline:Physics
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):counterion behavior
architectural polymorphism
synchrotron radiation x-ray diffraction
biopolymers
counterion
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Abstract:Counterion behavior controls interactions between charged surfaces in aqueous environments, and can cause attraction between like charged objects. Mean field approaches to describing counterion behavior, such as the Poisson-Boltzmann formalism and Manning condensation theory, predict that charged surfaces are renormalized by a surrounding counterion cloud or condensed counterion layer, but such mean field approaches never predict an attraction. However, a large number of theoretical studies have shown that by accounting for counterion correlations, attractive forces between like charged objects can be predicted. In this work we present the first observations of counterion correlations in charged polymer systems. At the ~60 Å scale, we used small angle x-ray scattering to observe that the counterions in F-actin bundles adopt a periodic distribution, forming a one-dimensional charge density wave. At the ~5 Å scale, we used high-resolution inelastic x-ray scattering to observe inter-ion correlations. From the dissipative dynamics of an unexpected acoustic phonon-mode associated with the counterions, we show that the counterions behave as a dense hard-sphere fluid and obtain an inter-ion distance which can be controlled by changing ion number density within the bundles. Finally, we show how counterion behavior impinges on bundles of specifically linked protein filaments, and observe an architectural polymorphism which can be controlled by monovalent salt concentration.
Issue Date:2006
Genre:Dissertation / Thesis
Type:Text
Language:English
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/31906
Rights Information:© 2005 Thomas Ettore Angelini
Date Available in IDEALS:2012-06-27
Identifier in Online Catalog:5235142


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