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Title:Anomalous Hall Effect in Calcium-doped Lanthanum Cobaltite and Gadolinium
Author(s):Baily, Scott Alan
Director of Research:Salamon, Myron B.
Department / Program:Physics
Subject(s):anamalous Hall effect
Hall resistivity
ferromagnetic materials
Abstract:The physical origin of the anomalous (proportional to magnetization) Hall effect is not very well understood. While many theories account for a Hall effect proportional to the magnetization of a material, these theories often predict effects significantly smaller than those found in ferromagnetic materials. An even more significant deficiency of the conventional theories is that they predict an anomalous Hall resistivity that is proportional to a power of the resistivity, and in the absence of a metal insulator transition cannot account for the anomalous Hall effect that peaks near Tc. Recent models based on a geometric, or Berry, phase have had a great deal of success describing the anomalous Hall effect in double-exchange systems (e.g., lanthanum manganite and chromium dioxide). In gadolinium, as in double-exchange magnets, the exchange interaction is mediated by the conduction electrons and the anomalous Hall effect may therefore resemble that of CrO2 and other metallic double-exchange ferromagnets. Lanthanum cobaltite is similar to manganite in many ways, but a strong double-exchange interaction is not present. Calcium-doped lanthanum cobaltite films were found to have the largest anomalous Hall effect of any ferromagnetic metal. The primary purpose of this study is to gain insight into the origin of the anomalous Hall effect with the hope that these theories can be extended to account for the effect in other materials. The Hall resistivity, magnetoresistance, and magnetization of a Gadolinium single crystal were measured in fields up to 30 T. Cobaltite films were grown via laser ablation and characterized by a variety of techniques. Hall resistivity, magnetoresistance, magnetization, and magnetothermopower of La(1-x)Ca(x)CoO3 samples with 0:15 < x < 0:4 were measured in fields up to 7 T. The Gd results suggest that Berry's phase contributes partially to the Hall effect near Tc. Berry's phase theories hold promise for explaining the large anomalous Hall effect in La(1-x)Ca(x)CoO3 near Tc, but the material presents many additional complexities, including a unique low temperature magnetoresistance. At low temperature, the Hall effect may be best explained by spin-polarized carriers scattering off of orbital disorder in spin-ordered clusters
Issue Date:2003
Genre:Dissertation / Thesis
Rights Information:©2003 Baily
Date Available in IDEALS:2012-06-28
Identifier in Online Catalog:Q. 537.62 Tc3b
FILM 2003 B153

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