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Title:Numerical study of surface tension driven convection in thermal magnetic fluids
Author(s):Bhattacharjee, Pratik; Riahi, Daniel N.
Abstract:Microgravity conditions pose unique challenges for fluid handling and heat transfer applications. By controlling (curtailing or augmenting) the buoyant and thermocapillary convection, the latter being the dominant convective flow in a microgravity environment, significant advantages can be achieved in space based processing. The control of this surface tension gradient driven flow is sought using a magnetic field, and the effects of these are studied computationally. A two-fluid layer system, with the lower fluid being a non-conducting ferrofluid, is considered under the influence of a horizontal temperature gradient. To capture the deformable interface, a numerical method to solve the Navier–Stokes equations, heat equations, and Maxwell’s equations was developed using a hybrid level set/ volume-of-fluid technique. The convective velocities and heat fluxes were studied under various regimes of the thermal Marangoni number Ma, the external field represented by the magnetic Bond number Bom, and various gravity levels, Fr. Regimes where the convection were either curtailed or augmented were identified. It was found that the surface force due to the step change in the magnetic permeability at the interface could be suitably utilized to control the instability at the interface.
Issue Date:2005-12
Publisher:Department of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (UIUC)
Series/Report:TAM Reports 1081, (2005)
Genre:Technical Report
Publication Status:published or submitted for publication
Peer Reviewed:is peer reviewed
Rights Information:Copyright owned by Pratik Bhattacharjee and Daniel N. Riahi
Date Available in IDEALS:2007-03-09

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Technical Reports - Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (TAM)
    TAM technical reports include manuscripts intended for publication, theses judged to have general interest, notes prepared for short courses, symposia compiled from outstanding undergraduate projects, and reports prepared for research-sponsoring agencies.

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