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Title:Modeling, identification and control of a quad-rotor drone using low-resolution sensing
Author(s):Sun, Yue
Advisor(s):Dullerud, Geir E.
Department / Program:Mechanical Sci & Engineering
Discipline:Mechanical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):Modeling
Identification
Control
quadrotor
AR.Drone
Abstract:This thesis focuses on the modeling and identification, control and filter design, simulation and animation, and experiments of an electrical-motor drive model-scale quadrotor --- the AR.Drone. Equations of Motion of drone’s model were derived from Kinemics and Dynamics of common quadrotors. The identification was conducted thoroughly including its low-resolution on-board sensors, such as rate gyro and altimeter. Control targets are composed of two stages --- local references following and global position tracking. PID algorithm is used by both controllers with various filters designs, such as low/high pass filter, Complementary Filter and Kalman Filter. Simulation is also divided to two stages with two different simulators ---- MATLAB and C++. The first stage MATLAB simulation is intended to only test the controllers with no disturbances or noises. The second stage high fidelity C++ simulation contains everything including animation. Experiments results are presented and correlated to simulation to evaluate the identification and modeling. This thesis also includes modeling and identification of a low-resolution camera sensor --- Kinect. The model is included in global position tracking simulation. Some experiments videos and animation videos are available at http://www.youtube.com/user/sunyue89/videos. The author hopes this thesis is helpful to researchers and amateurs who would like to develop the AR.Drone or any other small scale quadrotors using low-resolution sensing for autonomous control.
Issue Date:2012-09-18
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/34205
Rights Information:Copyright 2012 Yue Sun
Date Available in IDEALS:2012-09-18
Date Deposited:2012-08


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