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Title:Multi-IMA Partition Scheduling with Synchronized Solo-Partitions for Multi-Core Avionics Systems
Author(s):Kim, Jung-Eun; Yoon, Man-Ki; Im, Sungjin; Bradford, Richard; Sha, Lui
Subject(s):Real-time scheduling, IMA partition scheduling, exclusive region
Abstract:Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) architecture has been widely adopted by the avionics industry due to its strong temporal and spatial isolation capability for safety-critical real-time systems. Although multi-core systems are receiving wide attention from the avionics industry, the fundamental challenge to integrating an existing set of singlecore IMA partitions into a multi-core system is to ensure that the isolation of the partitions will be maintained without incurring huge redevelopment and recertification costs. In connection with meeting this challenge, several issues arise such as speed differences between single-core systems and multi-core systems and synchronization for exclusive I/O transactions. To address these challenges, we have developed an optimized Multi-IMA partition scheduling algorithm which considers exclusive regions to achieve the synchronization between partitions across cores. We show that the problem of finding the optimal Multi-IMA partition schedule is NP–complete and present a Constraint Programming formulation. In addition, we relax this problem to find the minimum number of cores needed to schedule a given set of partitions and propose an approximation algorithm which is guaranteed to find a feasible schedule of partitions if there exists a feasible schedule of exclusive regions.
Issue Date:2012-05
Genre:Technical Report
Publication Status:unpublished
Date Available in IDEALS:2012-12-02

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