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Title:Belief systems and language understanding
Author(s):Bruce, Bertram C.
Contributor(s):Sedelow, W.A.; Sedelow, S.V.
Subject(s):belief systems
Natural Language Processing
Speech acts (Linguistics)
language understanding
artificial intelligence
personal causation
social action
social action paradigm
Abstract:Understanding natural language demands the use of many types of knowledge. For example, one must know definitions of words, rules of syntax, and knowledge about the world. Some of the world knowledge has an emphasis on intention, i.e., the purpose behind actions. It is this knowledge which allows us to recognize the distinction between requests and orders, promises and threats, or lies and informings. / In order to recognize intention in behavior, whether the behavior be speech or otherwise, it is necessary to have a model of the beliefs of others. Furthermore one needs to know how actions typically fit together into larger units and how different aspects of an action are determined by intentions and beliefs. / This paper discusses some of the "belief systems knowledge" used in language understanding. It begins with a presentation of a theory of personal causation. The theory supplies the tools to account for purposeful behavior. Using primitives of the theory the social aspect of an action can be described. The social aspect is that which depends on beliefs and intentions. Patterns of behavior, called "social action paradigms" (SAP's), are then defined in terms of social actions. The SAP provide a structure for episode, analogous to the structure a grammar provides for sentences.
Issue Date:1983
Publisher:de Gruyter
Citation Info:Bruce, Bertram C. (1983). Belief systems and language understanding. In W. A. Sedelow & S. V. Sedelow (Eds.), Computers in language research two: Two parts in one volume (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs, 19) (pp. 113-160). New York: de Gruyter. Also as BBN Report No. 2973 (1975, January). Cambridge, MA: Bolt Beranek and Newman.
Series/Report:de Gruyter, Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs, 19
Genre:Technical Report
Book Chapter
Publication Status:published or submitted for publication
Peer Reviewed:is peer reviewed
Sponsor:dvanced Research Projects Agenny under AKPA Order No. 1697; Contract No. DAHC15-71-C-0088
Rights Information:The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the author and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the Advanced Research Projects Agency or the U.S. Government. Distribution of this document is unlimited. It may be released to the Clearinghouse, Department of Commerce for sale to the general public.
Date Available in IDEALS:2013-04-12

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