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Title:Three-dimensional wind measurements and modeling using a bi-static Fabry-Perot interferometer system in Brazil
Author(s):Fisher, Daniel
Advisor(s):Makela, Jonathan J.
Department / Program:Electrical & Computer Eng
Discipline:Electrical & Computer Engr
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI)
thermospheric winds
low-latitude thermosphere
Abstract:The earth's upper atmosphere has been studied for over a century now, and while a multitude of data has been collected studying the plasma in the ionosphere, there are not equivalent amounts of data on neutrals in the thermosphere to pair with these plasma observations. The Remote Equatorial Nighttime Observatory for Ionospheric Regions (RENOIR) project consists of two observing systems stationed in northeastern Brazil in Cajazeiras (6.87S, 38.56W) and Cariri (7.38S, 36.52W) since 2009. They are separated by 232.28 km and each is equipped with a Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) to measure neutral wind velocities and neutral temperatures using observations of the 630.0-nm emission caused by the dissociative recombination of O2+. The FPI systems can operate in two different modes: cardinal and common volume (CV). In cardinal mode, each FPI looks at a 45 degree elevation angle towards geographic north, east, south, and west followed by a zenith and laser image. In common volume mode, the two FPIs are synchronized to observe three common locations followed by both a zenith and laser observation. Two common volume points, one to the north and one to the south, are where the two FPIs have the same elevation angle but are looking orthogonal to one another in the horizontal plane. The third point is an inline measurement to the midpoint of the two sites. Vector neutral winds in the horizontal plane can be computed at the two common volume points, and a vertical neutral wind can be found at the inline point. FPIs are phase-based instruments, meaning a zero-reference is needed in order to get an absolute wind measurement. Since there is no practical 630.0-nm lab source, the zero-Doppler source is typically obtained from the zenith airglow measurements because the vertical winds are assumed to be zero across the night. However, the inline zenith measurements give non-zero winds under this assumption, consequently contradicting it. Therefore, the observations of the frequency-stabilized HeNe laser are used as a zero-Doppler reference to improve the derived vertical and horizontal neutral winds. This thesis validates this new technique by both developing an analytical model for the CV winds and by confirming it with results from actual observations made in Brazil.
Issue Date:2013-05-24
Rights Information:Copyright 2013 Daniel Fisher
Date Available in IDEALS:2013-05-24
Date Deposited:2013-05

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