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Title:Exploring the relationship between in-task affect and enjoyment following acute bouts of varying intensity resistance exercise
Author(s):Greene, Daniel Ryan
Advisor(s):Petruzzello, Steven J.
Department / Program:Kinesiology & Community Health
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
resistance exercise
exercise intensity
Abstract:Exercise intensity has been shown to influence affect during and enjoyment following aerobic exercise, but little is known about this phenomenon in resistance exercise. Purpose: Examine the dose-response relationship between resistance exercise intensity and affective change with emphasis on affective response during exercise. Methods: Males (N=17; M age = 21.12 ±2.45 yrs) and Females (N=5; M age = 22.6 ±4.72 yrs) completed two resistance training protocols on different days. Individual 10 repetition (reps) maximum (10-RM) was assessed on Day 1 for 7 exercises (bench press, leg curls, bent over rows, leg extensions, shoulder press, biceps curls, triceps extensions); on Days 2 and 3 resistance training protocols at 70% or 100% 10-RM were completed (randomly assigned). Measures of affect (Energy, Tiredness, Tension, Calmness) were taken before, Post-0, and Post-20 min after each condition; enjoyment (PACES) was measured immediately after each condition. Feeling Scale (FS) was measured before, after each set (3 sets, 10 reps, 7 exercises), and at 5, 10, 15 and 20 min post exercise. Perceived exertion (RPE) and Felt Arousal Scale (FAS) were measured before, after each of the 7 exercises, and Post-20 min in each condition. Results: Enjoyment was significantly different between conditions (P= .046; 70%=106.55±10.21; 100%=99.23±17.62; effect size d= 0.53). Energy increased following exercise independent of intensity (p< 0.001), then decreased Post-0 to Post-20 (p< .001). Tiredness decreased Pre- to Post-0 (p=0.003), then increased Post-0 to Post-20 (P=0.038), independent of condition. Calmness decreased following both intensities (p=.007), but increased from Post-0 to Post-20 (p<0.001) independent of condition. Condition x Time interactions were significant for Tension with increased Tension in the 100% 10-RM condition relative to the 70% 10-RM condition (p<.001). Tension was significantly increased Post-0 relative to Pre (p= .003) and Tension Post-0 was significantly greater than Post-20 (p<.001) independent of condition. FS values were significantly higher in the 70% 10-RM relative to the 100% 10-RM condition (p=.002). Finally, affect measured during exercise was significantly correlated with enjoyment (rs=0.37, Ps=0.036), but only for the 100% condition. Conclusions: The findings are consistent with previous research and extend that research by examining the link between exercise intensity, affect and enjoyment to resistance exercise. Further, this shows that in-task affect is important to consider in this relationship.
Issue Date:2013-05-24
Rights Information:Copyright 2013 Daniel R Greene
Date Available in IDEALS:2013-05-24
Date Deposited:2013-05

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