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Title:Investigation of the YefM-YoeBSa toxin-antitoxin systems as novel antibacterial targets
Author(s):Larson, Amy
Advisor(s):Hergenrother, Paul J.
Department / Program:Chemistry
Discipline:Chemistry
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):toxin-antitoxin system
antibacterial
Abstract:The rise and spread of drug-resistant pathogens has created a critical need for the continued discovery and development of new antibacterial compounds. Bacterial toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems consist of a toxin capable of arresting cell growth and an antitoxin that binds to and inhibits the toxin under normal circumstances. Cellular stress causes a shift in the toxin/antitoxin ratio to favor the free toxin, which is released to act on its cellular target and arrest growth. TA systems therefore present potential targets for novel antibiotics, as a molecule with the capacity to artificially induce toxin activation could have an antibacterial effect. Described herein is the investigation of the Staphylococcus aureus YefM-YoeBSa1 and YefM-YoeBSa2 TA systems as targets for this artificial activation strategy. Following establishment of the prevalence, conservation, and transcription of the yefM-yoeBSa1 and yefM-yoeBSa2 genes in clinical isolates of methicillin-resistant S. aureus, a peptide activator of the YefM-YoeBSa1 TA system was sought by screening phage-displayed peptide libraries against the YefMSa1 antitoxin. Additionally, a novel strategy was devised to express the YoeBSa1 toxin in an inactive, non-toxic form. Characterization of the activity of YoeBSa1 led to the design of a fluorogenic substrate that can be used to screen for activators of this toxin in a high-throughput manner.
Issue Date:2013-05-24
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/44445
Rights Information:Copyright 2013 Amy Susanne Larson
Date Available in IDEALS:2013-05-24
2015-05-24
Date Deposited:2013-05


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