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INHS Bulletin vol. 13:11PDF


Title:A Study of the Malarial Mosquitoes of Southern Illinois I. Operations of 1918 and 1919
Author(s):Chandler, S.C.
Southern Illinois
Abstract:The Relation of Mosquitoes to Malaria - The part which mosquitoes play in the transmission of malaria was established years ago, but we often find people who never heard of the relation between the two. It is therefore important to make clear, at the beginning of this report on mosquitoes, the facts of the case. Malaria was first thought to be carried to men by damp night air. "Mal-aria", bad air, was the name given to the disease for that reason. It was later clearly established that mosquitoes breeding in the swamps and other damp places and biting at dusk are the sole carriers of the disease. A mosquito, upon biting a malaria patient in whom the disease parasites have developed for about ten days, sucks up the parasites into her mouth. Only the female mosquito bites and is capable of transmitting the disease. The germs now develop for a period of eight to ten days. In this time they break through the lining of the stomach wall and get into the salivary glands, from which they are readily transferred to man by the bite of the mosquito. Not all kinds of mosquitoes are malaria carriers. Only three species in this country (all belonging to the genus Anopheles) are implicated. There are in all twenty-four species of mosquitoes regional in Illinois.
Issue Date:1920-07
Publisher:Champaign : Illinois Natural History Survey
Series/Report:Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin; v. 013, no. 11
Publication Status:published or submitted for publication
Peer Reviewed:is peer reviewed
Rights Information:Copyright 2009 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. All rights reserved.
Date Available in IDEALS:2013-11-19

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