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Title:Investigation of aryldimethylsilanolates in palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions and development of chiral bis-hydrazone ligands for asymmetric aryl-aryl couplings
Author(s):Chang, Wen-Tau
Director of Research:Denmark, Scott E.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Denmark, Scott E.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Burke, Martin D.; Hull, Kami L.; Murphy, Catherine J.
Department / Program:Chemistry
Discipline:Chemistry
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Cross Coupling
Hiyama Coupling
Biaryl
Silanolate
Transmetalation
Hammett Study
Hydrazone Ligand
Asymmetric Aryl-Aryl Coupling
Abstract:The preparation of biaryls by palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling of aromatic bromides and chlorides with alkali-metal salts (potassium and sodium) of aryl- and heteroarylsilanols has been developed. The critical feature for the success of this method is the use of bis(tri-tert-butylphosphine)palladium catalyst. Under the optimized reaction conditions, a range of coupling partners bearing different functionalities have been examined and provide biaryl products in moderate to good yields. Refinement of the mechanism for this reaction is facilitated by the ability to prepare a variety of arylpalladium(II) silanolate intermediates from easily accessible aryldimethylsilanolates. These in situ generated complexes enable kinetic studies of the transmetalation step in the proposed catalytic cycle under stoichiometric conditions. Hammett analysis reveals that electron-donating groups on the silicon nucleophile and electron-withdrawing groups on the aryl halide electrophile accelerate this process. Further interpretation of the kinetic data leads to the proposal of an intramolecular, asynchronous, SEAr-type transmetalation pathway. The application of aryldimethylsilanolate to asymmetric biaryl cross-coupling reactions has been investigated. Pivotal to this study is the development of a novel synthetic route to access a number of chiral bis-hydrazone ligands featuring a 2,5-diarylpyrrolidine moiety. This endeavor enables systematic investigation of the ligand effect on the reactivity and enantioselectivity of the reaction. The origin of the chiral induction has been rationalized through computational modeling. Preliminary mechanistic studies indicate that reductive elimination is the stereodeteremining step. Efforts in the preparation of palladium complexes of an achiral bis-hydrazone ligand have laid the groundwork for future development.
Issue Date:2014-01-16
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/46779
Rights Information:Copyright 2013 Wen-Tau Chang
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-01-16
Date Deposited:2013-12


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