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Title:The Archives of Paul Otlet: Between Appreciation and Rediscovery, 1944-2013
Author(s):Manfroid, Stephanie; Gillen, Jacques
Contributor(s):Phillips-Batoma, Patricia M.
Subject(s):Otlet, Paul, 1868-1944
Rayward, W.Boyd
Abstract:This paper outlines the life and work of Paul Otlet (1868–1944). Otlet was a founder of the scholarly disciplines of bibliography, documentation, and information science. As a result of the work he undertook with Henri La Fontaine (1854–1943)—specifically, the establishment in 1895 in Brussels of the International Institute of Bibliography, which aimed to construct a Universal Bibliographic Repertory—Otlet has become known as the father of the Internet. Otlet’s grand project, as stated in his Traité de documentation (1934), was never fully realized. Even before his death, the collections he assembled had been dismembered. After his death, the problematic conditions in which Otlet’s personal papers and the collections he had created were preserved meant that his thought and work remained largely unacknowledged. It fell to W. Boyd Rayward, who began to work on Otlet in the late 1960s, to rescue him from obscurity, publishing in 1975 a major biography of the pioneer knowledge entrepreneur and internationalist progenitor of the World Wide Web.
Issue Date:2013
Publisher:Johns Hopkins University Press and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Citation Info:Library Trends 62 (3) Winter 2014: Essays in Honor of W. Boyd Rayward: Part 1: 311-328
Publication Status:published or submitted for publication
Rights Information:Copyright 2013 Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-05-27

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