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Title:A spectroscopic smartphone biosensor for use in point-of-care diagnostic applications
Author(s):Long, Kenneth
Advisor(s):Cunningham, Brian T.
Department / Program:Bioengineering
Discipline:Bioengineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:M.S.
Genre:Thesis
Subject(s):Smartphone Biosensing
Photonic Crystal
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Mobile Biosensing
Point-of-Care Diagnostics
Abstract:This thesis serves to introduce a new point-of-care testing device capable of providing spectrometric data for solid and liquid phase samples. A custom cradle was developed to maintain optical alignment allowing for the diffraction, and therefore spectrometric analysis, of light transmitted either directly through a sample or via an intermediary optical biosensor. Demonstration of the instrument is provided with both an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and a photonic-crystal (PC)-based investigation of biomolecular adsorption. ELISA analysis is completed on both human interleukin-6, an important diagnostic cancer biomarker, and Ara h 1, one of the principle peanut proteins responsible for allergic reactions. PC-based sensing was completed with a Protein A-immunoglobulin G interaction with a .009 nm accuracy. All of these demonstrations were completed at physiologically-relevant concentrations, and as such, serve as proof-of-concept for two separate modalities of a smartphone-based spectrometric optical biosensor. In the future, such a sensor has the potential to provide a low-cost, point-of-care diagnostic device that is inherently robust, user-friendly, cloud-connected, and suited for use in remote sensing applications.
Issue Date:2014-05-30
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/49844
Rights Information:Copyright 2014 Kenneth D. Long
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-05-30
2016-09-22
Date Deposited:2014-05


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