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Title:Turbulence And Heating Of Molecular Clouds In The Galactic Center
Author(s):Butterfield, Natalie O.
Contributor(s):Ludovici, Dominic A.; Mills, Betsy; Lang, Cornelia
Subject(s):Mini-symposium: Astronomical Molecular Spectroscopy in the Age of ALMA
Abstract:Molecular gas temperatures in the Galactic Center have been shown to much higher than the gas temperatures of molecular clouds in the disk. These Galactic Center clouds also show large line widths characteristic of turbulence. However, the origin of this heating and turbulence is not well known. In order to investigate this question we analyzed two Galctic Center molecular clouds that showed these characteristic: the G0.10-0.08 cloud and the M0.25+0.01 cloud. We observed these clouds using the VLA at K (25 GHz) and Ka (36 GHz) bands, both of which contain multiple molecular transitions including NH$_{3}$, CH$_{3}$OH and HC$_{3}$N. Using multiple transitions of NH$_{3}$, we determined that the rotational gas temperature in the clouds was $\sim$90-100 K. We also discovered multiple 36 GHz CH$_{3}$OH class I masers in both the G0.10-0.08 and M0.25+0.01 clouds, $\sim$50 and $\sim$80 respectively. Since these masers trace shocked gas, this indicates that some of this heating and turbulence is caused by these strong shocks. We also present images of the HC$_{3}$N line which is a high density tracer and shows dense cores at the center of both clouds.
Issue Date:2014-06-17
Publisher:International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy
Citation Info:Butterfield, N.O.; Ludovici, D.A.; Mills, B.; Lang, C. TURBULENCE AND HEATING OF MOLECULAR CLOUDS IN THE GALACTIC CENTER. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy, Urbana, IL, June 16-21, 2014. DOI: 10.15278/isms.2014.TF13
Rights Information:Copyright 2014 by the authors. Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-09-17

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