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Title:Electronic Relaxation Processes Of Transition Metal Atoms In Helium Nanodroplets
Author(s):Kautsch, Andreas
Contributor(s):Ernst, Wolfgang E.; Koch, Markus; Lindebner, Friedrich
Subject(s):Matrix isolation (and droplets)
Abstract:Spectroscopy of doped superfluid helium nanodroplets (He$_N$) gives information about the influence of this cold, chemically inert, and least interacting matrix environment on the excitation and relaxation dynamics of dopant atoms and molecules \footnote{C. Callegari and W. E. Ernst, Helium Droplets as Nanocryostats for Molecular Spectroscopy - from the Vacuum Ultraviolet to the Microwave Regime, in Handbook of High-Resolution Spectroscopy, eds. M. Quack and F. Merkt, John Wiley \& Sons, Chichester, 2011.}. We present the results from laser induced fluorescence (LIF), photoionization (PI), and mass spectroscopy of Cr \footnote{A. Kautsch, M. Koch, and W. E. Ernst, J. Phys. Chem. A, \textbf{117} (2013) 9621-9625, DOI: 10.1021/jp312336m} and Cu \footnote{F. Lindebner, A. Kautsch, M. Koch, and W. E. Ernst, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. (2014) in press, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijms.2013.12.022} doped He$_N$. From these results, we can draw a comprehensive picture of the complex behavior of such transition metal atoms in He$_N$ upon photo-excitation. The strong Cr and Cu ground state transitions show an excitation blueshift and broadening with respect to the bare atom transitions which can be taken as indication for the solvation inside the droplet. From the originally excited states the atoms relax to energetically lower states and are ejected from the He$_N$. The relaxation processes include bare atom spin-forbidden transitions, which clearly bears the signature of the He$_N$ influence. Two-color resonant two-photon ionization (2CR2PI) also shows the formation of bare atoms and small Cr-He$_n$ and Cu-He$_n$ clusters in their ground and metastable states $^c$ \footnote{M. Koch, A. Kautsch, F. Lackner, and W. E. Ernst, submitted to J. Phys. Chem. A}. Currently, Cr dimer excitation studies are in progress and a brief outlook on the available results will be given.
Issue Date:2014-06-19
Publisher:International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy
Citation Info:Kautsch, A.; Ernst, W.E.; Koch, M.; Lindebner, F. ELECTRONIC RELAXATION PROCESSES OF TRANSITION METAL ATOMS IN HELIUM NANODROPLETS. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy, Urbana, IL, June 16-21, 2014. DOI: 10.15278/isms.2014.RI14
Rights Information:Copyright 2014 by the authors. Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-09-17

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