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Title:On an American Earthworm of the Family Phreoryctidae
Author(s):Forbes, Stephen Alfred
Subject(s):American Earthworm
Family Phreoryctidae
long slender worm
Abstract:In 1843 W. Hoffmeister described in Germany (Wiegmann's Archiv f. Naturgesch., 1843) a peculiar, long, and very slender worm found in a well, giving it the generic name of Haplotaxis and, after its discoverer, Menke, the specific name of menkeanus. Two years later this generic name was set aside by the same author for that of Phreoryctes, Haplotaxis having been already used in botany. In 1859 another species of the genus was found, also in Germany, by Schlotthauber and noticed as Georyctes lichtensteinii (Beitr. z. Helminthologie),— a name which has now given way to that of Phreoryctes filiformis (Claparede) Vejdovsky. In 1888 the well known helminthologist, Beddard, of England, published in the " Annals and Magazine of Natural History " a description of a worm from New Zealand which he assigned with some doubt to this genus under the name of Phreoryctes smithii, amending at the same time the definition of the genus (especially with reference to the sexual organs) to include this species. These three forms, two from continental Europe and a doubtful one from New Zealand, are thus the only examples of the genus and family hitherto reported.
Issue Date:1890
Publisher:Champaign : Illinois Natural History Survey
Series/Report:Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin; v. 003, no. 07
Rights Information:Copyright 2009 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. All rights reserved.
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-11-05

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