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Title:"If there's more than one bus you say...": Cultural-linguistic mismatch within the context of teacher-child interactions
Author(s):Hamilton, Megan-Brette
Contributor(s):DeThorne, Laura; Hengst, Julie; Johnson, Cynthia
Subject(s):cultural-linguistic diversity
African American English
English language learner
teacher-child interaction
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to examine the complexities of teacher-student interactions with a focus on the potential role of cultural-linguistic mismatch, particularly as it relates to a child who speaks African American English. Data collection included field note data from classroom observations, classroom videos of teacher-child interactions during literacy lessons, home videos of child-caregiver interactions, and interviews. Analyses included categorical coding of observational field notes and discourse analyses of video transcripts. Three key findings emerged: (a) power differential between teachers and children that tended to privilege Mainstream American English; (b) semiotic resources, including language and physicality, played a prominent role in mediating/scaffolding interactions; and (c) interactions revealed complex patterns of both alignment and mismatch, which included linguistic, paralinguistic, and nonlinguistic features. Implications and future directions related to this study specifically include: (a) the need for direct examination of nonlinguistic and paralinguistic aspects of communication within the field of communication sciences and disorders; (b) explicit acknowledgement of multiple Englishes within the school curriculum and classroom dialogue; and (c) further exploration of the longitudinal consequences that may unfold as a result of speaking a non-mainstream dialect or language, especially as it relates to African American boys.
Issue Date:2014-11-16
Citation Info:Hamilton, M-B. (2014). “If there’s more than one bus you say…”: Cultural-linguistic mismatch within the context of teacher-child interactions. (Doctoral Early Research Project, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign).
Rights Information:Copyright by Megan-Brette Hamilton, 2014
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-11-16

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