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Title:Peer Interaction Competencies of Preschoolers Rated High or Low in Sociometric Status
Author(s):Ciccone, Joan Mary
Department / Program:Education
Discipline:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Education, Early Childhood
Abstract:Problem. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interactions of children who are more or less competent with their peers in terms of several behavioral variables including frequency and duration of interactions, variety of strategies used, positive and negative affect, and persistence in ineffective strategies.
Hypotheses. It was hypothesized that peer-competent children would initiate interactions more frequently and sustain them for longer durations than less peer-competent children; that competent children would use a wider variety of behaviors during social interactions, would be less likely to persist in ineffective strategies, and would use more positive behaviors than did less skilled children. Less peer-competent children were expected to use negative strategies more often than did more skilled children.
Procedure. A sociometric rating technique was used to select 40 subjects, 20 male and 20 female, from a subject pool of 71 four-year-old in four preschool classrooms. Average ratings allowed the children within each classroom and sex group to be rank-ordered, and the highest and lowest thirds were designated high and low in "peer-competence" respectively. High- and low-rated children were each paired with a partner of the same sex and competence-rating, and videotaped during a ten-minute play session in a mobile van equipped with preschool materials. Each dyad participated in two tasks: one, a housebuilding task, encouraged cooperation; the other was a free play period. The videotapes were transcribed and the transcripts were divided into conversations, social exchanges, and utterances. The latter were then classified into categories of communicative intentions and measures of each of the six dependent variables were obtained.
Results. Two hypotheses were supported in relation to the children's competence. High-rated children interacted for longer periods of time than did low-rated children. The more skilled children also used a greater proportion of positive utterances than did less skilled children. There were no significant differences in the variety of strategies used, the proportion of negative utterances, persistence in ineffective strategies or the frequency of initiating interactions due to the competence of the children.
Issue Date:1980
Type:Text
Language:English
Description:101 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1980.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/65980
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8108467
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-12
Date Deposited:1980


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