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Title:Analytical Perturbed Hard Sphere Models Based on Solubility and Volumetric Studies of Organic Solids Interacting With Supercritical Fluids
Author(s):Johnston, Keith Paul
Department / Program:Chemical Engineering
Discipline:Chemical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Engineering, Chemical
Abstract:Solubility data were measured by a new flow technique for naphthalene, phenanthrene, anthracene, triphenylmethane, hexamethylbenzene, fluorene, and pyrene in ethylene, and the latter three in carbon dioxide at temperatures from 298 to 358 K and pressures up to 50 MPa. These data suggested that partial molar volume data of the solute v(,2) would benefit enormously the modelling of the supercritical phase. An expression was derived that indicates the solubility data or gas chromatography data are not well suited for obtaining v(,2); therefore, a new experimental technique was designed. The solubility data were well correlated by perturbed hard sphere equations of state in a new way that does not require the use of critical properties, which are often unavailable, and if available, difficult to apply to these highly asymmetric systems. The crucial unlike pair energy parameter cross-correlated well with the heat of vaporization of the solid. The addition of a second order term, based on square well molecular dynamics results, increased the range of applicability of the model significantly.
Issue Date:1981
Type:Text
Language:English
Description:169 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1981.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/66649
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8203496
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-13
Date Deposited:1981


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