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Title:A Study to Determine the Effects of Facilitating Conditions and Action-Oriented Techniques in Cross-Cultural Counseling
Author(s):Anderson, John William
Department / Program:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Guidance and Counseling
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to examine the preferences of subjects from three cultural groups for high and low facilitative and action-oriented counseling techniques. The study was conducted at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign during the Fall term of 1981. A total of 66 students volunteered to participate. Twenty-four were black, twenty-four were white, and eighteen were Mexican American. All of the students except the whites were randomly selected from the Educational Opportunity Program at the university. White students who volunteered were drawn from two undergraduate Educational Psychology classes and one dormitory. All participants, however, were undergraduates with less than 15 earned semester hours.
Stimuli for the experiments were two videotaped counseling analogues. The first depicted a counselor-actor utilizing high facilitative and low action-oriented counseling techniques. The second analogue depicted the same counselor-actor utilizing low facilitative and high action-oriented counseling techniques with the same client-actor presenting the same problem.
A four-way analysis of variance with repeated measures on one factor (Counseling Methods) was the primary statistical technique used to analyze the data. The independent variables were Cultural Group, Sex, Socioeconomic Status, and Counseling Method. The dependent variable was the subjects' evaluation of the counseling methods.
The findings showed no significant preference for a particular counseling method by any one cultural group. However, when the three cultural groups were further divided by sex or by socioeconomic status, the resulting groups did react significantly different to the two counseling methods. These responses appeared to suggest that cultural socialization was more important than class socialization in determining a preference for one or the other counseling methods.
Issue Date:1982
Description:131 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1982.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8218419
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-15
Date Deposited:1982

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