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|Title:||The Impact of Financial Aid on Equity of Institutional Choice Among Illinois Financial Aid Recipients by Race and Sex|
|Author(s):||Zollinger, Richard Anthony|
|Department / Program:||Education|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Abstract:||This study addresses two research questions: (1) Does financial aid increase college choice among aid recipients of equivalent academic achievement levels? and, (2) If equity of college choice does not exist among financial aid recipients, are these inequities (discrepancies in choice) correlated with a student's race or sex?
A sample of 2,567 freshmen, dependent Illinois State Scholarship Commission (ISSC) Monetary Award Program aid recipients for 1979-80 was randomly selected. The ISSC provided the following data on each student: race, sex, the American College Testing Program (ACT) composite score, the expected parental contribution for collge (EPCT), the Pell Grant, and adjusted parental income. Seven ACT composite score groups were selected for analysis. Sixty Illinois colleges and universities were identified by median ACT composite scores of entering freshmen and by the student attendance budgets. A student's ACT composite score determined a set of expected in-state college options. Since financial aid was not expected to provide ideal (100 percent) equity of choice across all available college options, equity was measured at four designated choice levels: 25 percent, 50 percent, 75 percent, and 100 percent.
Four financial aid treatments were cumulatively calculated for each student in the seven ACT composite score groups. A student's affordable college choice options were calculated with each financial aid condition at each designated choice level. Contingency analysis measured the relationship between a student's affordability of their college options and their race, sex, qnd academic achievement.
The findings in this study support the following conclusions: (1) Financial aid increased college choice for students regardless of academic achievement level; (2) Race was a significant factor related to college choice among low achievement financial aid recipients; a greater percentage of whites could afford the same range of college choices than could blacks or other minorities of equivalent achievement levels; (3) A person's sex was unrelated to their affordability of college choice except among very low achievement black students; a greater percentage of males could afford a two-year public college than females.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1982.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2014-12-15|