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|Title:||An Exploration of Program Mapping and Survey Research Techniques as Ways of Producing Information for Studies of Citizen Participation in Education|
|Department / Program:||Education|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Abstract:||The relative worth of two techniques of data collection and analysis, program mapping and survey research, were explored in this study. Specifically, this study was designed to answer the following three questions: (1) Using the survey research and program mapping techniques, what is the nature of the general information that each generates in light of the particular instruments designed for this study? (2) Is the information obtained from the techniques the same or different, and, if different, in what ways? (3) Is the information obtained supplementary, and, if so, in what ways? In order to answer these questions, both techniques were used to generate information from two groups of selected educators (administrators and teachers) and random samples of non-educators (parents) concerning their attitudes towards the issue of citizen participation in various school activities and decisions. One group of educators and non-educators was administered the program mapping technique and the other group was administered a mail questionnaire. Comparisons of the two techniques were carried out using statistical analyses and quantitative information.
While the overall information generated from both techniques was supplementary, the techniques differ in their specific approach to the subject of participation. The program mapping technique located parents and parental participation in that system; the specific degree, extent, and areas of that participation were seen more clearly through the questionnaire. Considering the pragmatic aspects of the techniques, while the survey technique had the advantage of being less costly and less time-consuming than the program mapping technique, the latter has two major advantages over the former. The program mapping technique can be less ambiguous than written methods and can limit interviewer and subject bias, increasing the validity and reliability of the instrument. In conclusion, the usefulness for the community clinician of the program mapping technique as well as use of both techniques as supplementary was discussed, and recommendations were suggested for further development.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1983.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2014-12-15|