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Title:Women's Participation in Agricultural and Home Economics Education in the Third World
Author(s):Sigman, Vickie Ann
Department / Program:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Agricultural
Abstract:Purpose. The study documents women's 1978 to 1980 participation in Third World formal agricultural and home economics education and examines factors affecting their participation.
Procedure. The research population consists of formal intermediate and higher agricultural and home economics education institutions in the Third World. The self-selected research sample consists of institutions whose administrators responded to the survey questionnaire. A total of 1,459 institutions were surveyed; 689 questionnaires were returned useable.
The study measures participation, the dependent variable, as women's percentage share of total enrollment. Five independent variables are examined: (1) female secondary school enrollment ratios, (2) female share of general-vocational secondary school enrollment, (3) per capita income, (4) female agricultural labor force, and (5) agricultural Gross Domestic Product.
Findings. (1) (A) Women account for 11% of intermediate and 19% of higher students in institutions offering only agricultural curricula (i.e., agricultural-only institutions). They account for 99% of intermediate and 98% of higher students in institutions offering only home economics curricula (i.e., home economics-only institutions). (B) Comparison of UNESCO Statistical Yearbook 1982 data on women's representation in similar-level general education with these findings on their agricultural-only representation shows that women are less-well represented in agricultural than in general education. Their intermediate agricultural-only representation (11%) is less than their general secondary-level representation of 38%; their higher agricultural-only representation (19%) is less than general tertiary-level representation of 34%. (2) At the intermediate level, 49% of women are in home economics-only institutions, 30% are in agricultural-only institutions, and 20% are in combined institutions which offer both agricultural and home economics curricula. Women's higher-level distribution is 8%, 58%, and 33% respectively. (3) Women's share of higher agricultural-only enrollment is 7% more in 1980 than in 1970. Projected growth rates indicate that (a) assuming simple growth, the gap between women's and men's participation widens, but (b) assuming compound growth, the gap decreases and equal enrollment is theoretically possible by 2008. (4) Regression equations show: the independent variables together explain 59% of the variance in women's higher agricultural-only participation; the intermediate-level equation was not significant. Increases in girls' secondary schooling appear to be most related to increases in women's participation in agricultural-only education at both levels.
Issue Date:1984
Description:251 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1984.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8502300
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-15
Date Deposited:1984

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