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Title:Career Satisfaction/dissatisfaction in Professional Dual Career Couples: Psychological, Socioeconomic and Background Factors
Author(s):Klein, Henya
Department / Program:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Educational Psychology
Abstract:The purposes of the study were: (1) to provide a theoretical perspective based on findings and theory in the reviewed literature, (2) to reveal whether there are differences among Fully-Employed and Underemployed couples on Career Satisfaction/Dissatisfaction, (3) to identify what psychological, socioeconomic and background factors characterize professional dual career couples and spouses in different Employment Statuses and (4) to investigate the relative contribution of the psychological, socioeconomic and background factors to Career Satisfaction/Dissatisfaction in Fully-Employed and Underemployed spouses.
Subjects of the study were 131 intact couples (262 spouses). One hundred and sixty-four were employed by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and 101 were employed by the community of Urbana-Champaign. Three spouses held two positions, one in the University and the other in the community. Subjects were identified through the University and through community organizations. Subjects were surveyed using mailed questionnaires. A return rate of 60.03% was obtained from the total possible sample. Data analyses included split-plot factorial analyses, discriminant analyses, hierarchical multiple regression analyses, canonical analyses, Pearson correlations and descriptive statistics.
Results indicated that there were no significant differences among Fully-Employed, Mixed Employed and Unclassified couples on Career Satisfaction/Dissatisfaction. There was only one Underemployed couple, therefore it was not included in the analysis for couples. There were no significant differences among Fully-Employed, Underemployed and Unclassified spouses on Career Satisfaction/Dissatisfaction.
All (i.e., with and without children) Fully-Employed Spouses, Underemployed, Fully-Employed with children and Underemployed spouses with children were especially characterized by Chronological Age and by Spouse (i.e., sex). All Unclassified spouses and Unclassified spouses with children were more similar in their characteristics to both groups of the Fully-Employed and the Underemployed spouses.
Results revealed that across all Employment Statuses and Unclassified spouses, the psychological factors were more significant contributors to Career Satisfaction/Dissatisfaction than the socioeconomic and background factors.
Discussion emphasized that a theory and further studies are needed, and that these should consider an expanded model and some different or revised measures.
Issue Date:1986
Description:181 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1986.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8701534
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-15
Date Deposited:1986

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