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Title:Development and Validation of the Helplessness Self-Statement Inventory
Author(s):Platt, Christine Prosen
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Kaczkowski, Henry
Department / Program:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Guidance and Counseling
Psychology, Clinical
Psychology, Psychometrics
Abstract:This paper describes the development and validation of a self-statement instrument measuring learned helplessness in college age students in academic achievement situations. The study involves the construction of a model of learned helplessness for this population; the generation and selection of items for the instrument, the Helplessness Self-Statement Inventory (HSSI); the collection of summary statistics and reliability data for the instrument; and the collection of data establishing its construct and criterion-related validity.
The study focuses upon the description and measurement of the long term effects of helplessness in college students. The model developed here postulates difficulties in task persistence, concentration and anxiety for helpless students; additionally, it postulates deficits in problem solving skills and self-monitoring skills as a result of years of task avoidance.
Items for the HSSI were generated from the natural speech of college students describing their self-talk in academic achievement situations. Items were selected based on criteria developed from the model, and the resulting 48-item self-statement inventory was investigated in terms of its reliability and internal structure. Construct validity was assessed by investigating the relationship of HSSI scores with measures of achievement anxiety and self control; criterion-related validity was assessed through a procedure in which helpless and nonhelpless students solved problems while thinking aloud. It was concluded that the Helplessness Self-Statement Inventory has sufficient reliability and validity to make it useful both as a diagnostic device in a college or university population and as a research tool. Results were discussed in terms of (a) conclusions about the HSSI, (b) conclusions about helpless college students, (c) implications for intervention with these individuals, and (d) implications for further work.
Issue Date:1987
Description:220 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1987.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8803168
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-15
Date Deposited:1987

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