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|Title:||Technology Transfer in Egypt: An Analysis of the Roles of Agricultural Research and Extension|
|Author(s):||Samy, Mohamed Mahmoud|
|Doctoral Committee Chair(s):||Swanson, Burton E.|
|Department / Program:||Education|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
Sociology, Social Structure and Development
|Abstract:||The present study examined the technology transfer process between the Agricultural Research Center and the Extension Service in Egypt. The study had two main purposes. First, it was intended to identify and examine human, organizational, and operational factors influencing both the role of research in transferring new technology and the role of extension in gaining access to this technology. Second, the study was designed to identify and examine patterns of communication between both organizations in Egypt. Using two written questionnaires, data for this study were collected from 98 researchers and 64 extension workers during February and March 1986.
The major findings of the study were the following: (1) During 1985, fifty percent of the researchers transferred new technology to extension workers, while, 48.4 percent of the extension workers received new technology. "Hardware" technology was the dominant type of technology received by extension workers. (2) Farm background, experience, selection of practical research problems, development of adaptive research, and participation in joint meetings and demonstrations with extension were found to be important determinants of researchers' technology transfer activity. (3) Among the extension workers, participation in on-farm demonstrations and visiting research stations were positively related to their technology transfer activity.
Based on the results of the study, the following recommendations were made to improve technology transfer: (1) Technical units in the Extension Service at both national and governorate levels should be established to carry out the responsibility of technology transfer. These technical units should be furnished with qualified extension workers, especially subject matter specialists. (2) Research efforts should be directed to multidisciplinary commodity-oriented research programs to develop and transfer complete packages of genetic, chemical, and mechanical technology as well as farm practices in order to effectively increase the production of major field crops. (3) Joint demonstrations between research and extension, as well as other hands-on types of communication activities, should be intensified. Further, both researchers and extension workers should regard their communication activities as an essential part of their work.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1988.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2014-12-15|