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Title:The Relationships of Three Aspects of Eye Movements to Internal Sensory Modes During Three Response Situations
Author(s):Manton, David Frank
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Tracey, Terence J.
Department / Program:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Education, Guidance and Counseling
Psychology, Clinical
Abstract:This study examined whether eye movement behavior is related to the internal sensory mode being used to represent information. In addition to examining Grinder and Bandler's claim that the direction of first eye movement is related to internal sensory mode (visual, auditory, or kinesthetic), dominant position (where the eyes stayed longest), and activity rate (distance moved divided by time) were also examined. These measures were studied during three types of response period: access (while accessing an image), experience (while continuing to experience an image), and rapid recall (while recalling a recently accessed image).
Thirteen subjects' faces were videotaped during hour long individual interviews. A subject faced a video camera across an empty room while interviewer and subject spoke through microphones. Response periods were classified visual, auditory, or kinesthetic according to the sensory mode of the verbal stimulus presented. Two raters independently viewed the videotape, tracking eye position with a joystick attached to a computer. Analysis of joystick position data yielded a first position, a dominant position, and an activity rate value for each response period. These values were checked for interrater reliability which was found adequate.
Analyses of variance tested for significant (p $<$.05) differences across sensory mode. None of the differences across sensory mode was significant for first position or activity rate. The interaction of direction by mode for the downward versus middle direction frequencies of the dominant position within experience periods was significant (p $<$.05).
No support was shown for Grinder and Bandler's claims. It was concluded that studying eye movement behavior in relation to internal sensory modes is more complex than could be adequately examined using the methodology of this and previous studies. Theoretical models and experimental equipment both need further development. It was recommended that a relationship between eye movement behavior and internal sensory mode be demonstrated in individual subjects before further group studies are done.
Issue Date:1988
Description:222 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1988.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8823192
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-15
Date Deposited:1988

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