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Title:A Study of Temporal Variables in English and Korean: Cross-Linguistic, Development, and Native/nonnative Analyses
Author(s):Ham, Soonai
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Saville-Troike, Muriel
Department / Program:Education
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Language, Linguistics
Abstract:The present study investigated temporal phenomena in language production, using English and Korean stories based on a film. The temporal variables included were primary temporal variables (speech rate, articulation rate, pause-time ratio, mean length of runs, and mean length of pauses), secondary temporal variables (repeats, false starts, parenthetical remarks, drawls, unfilled pauses, and filled pauses), and temporal cycles. Comparisons were made between Korean and English, adults and children, and native adult English and English spoken by Korean adults.
It was found that: (a) Korean and English were different in the temporal variables concerning verbalization rate (speech rate, articulation rate, and mean length of runs), but were similar in those concerning pausing (pause-time ratio and mean length of pauses), (b) Korean and English differed in secondary temporal variables, especially in the use of parenthetical remarks and filled pauses, (c) there was no difference in the lengths of temporal cycles as well as in the number of clauses contained in them between Korean and English, (d) adults and children differed in the use of the primary temporal variables except the mean length of pauses, (e) adults and children differed in secondary temporal variables, especially in the use of false starts and filled pauses, (f) adults and children's language differed in the number of clauses contained in temporal cycles but not in their lengths, (g) the pattern of contrast between native and non-native speech was similar to that between children's and adults' speech.
The findings were interpreted in relation to verbal information processing, especially to linguistic operation and memory. It was concluded that: (a) language identity does not affect language processing processes, but constrains only the output and (b) the inferior rate of information output in children's and non-native adults' speech is attributable to less automatized language system, but not to the memory capacity itself.
Issue Date:1988
Description:197 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1988.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8908696
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-15
Date Deposited:1988

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