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Title:Allocentrism - Idiocentrism, Self-Consciousness, and Interpersonal Attraction (self-Monitoring, Person Perception, Self-Esteem, Autonomy, Gender Differences)
Author(s):Villareal Coindreau, Marcelo Jose
Department / Program:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Psychology, Social
Abstract:In a series of studies, I investigated the relation of a broad-base allocentrism-idiocentrism to self-conciousness, self-monitoring, self-esteem, social desirability, and several scales of the Personality Research Form (PRF). I found allocentrism-idiocentrism to be unrelated to any of the non-PRF scales in a direct way. Multiple regression analyses showed the covariates of idiocentrism to differ among men and women. Idiocentric men reported low affiliative needs, high autonomy needs, and were low in private self-consciousness. Idiocentric women were low in succorrance needs.
In further studies, I examined the relation of allocentrism-idiocentrism to person perception, and to both interpersonal behavior and attraction. I found scarce evidence, in partner descriptions, of identity-consistent behavior during brief interactions for both allocentrics and idiocentrics. Furthermore, allocentrics and idiocentrics did not appear to differ in their person-perception abilities, but men tended to consider others to be similar to themselves. The attractiveness of experimental partners was unrelated to their allocentrism or idiocentrism, or to their levels of private and public self-consciousness. Instead, their attractiveness was influenced by the ways they were perceived by their partners. Some evidence indicated that persons who are perceived as similar to oneself are better liked. However, people who were perceived as cooperative, flexible, attentive, independent, and self-reliant were better liked than either selfish or dependent individuals.
Descriptions and evaluations of experimental partners suggested that allocentrism and idiocentrism may be opposite poles in a multidimensional space. Specifically, these descriptions suggested three dimensions (Affiliation, autonomy, and a fuzzier dimension best characterized as extension vs. delimitation of one's self) to be major components of allocentrism and idiocentrism.
The relation of these results to various theories, as well as some avenues for future research and practical applications are discussed.
Issue Date:1985
Description:186 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1985.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8600337
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-15
Date Deposited:1985

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