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|Title:||Group Decision-Making and Strategic Position Change|
|Department / Program:||Psychology|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Abstract:||The present study examined strategic (i.e., insincere) position change in group decision making. Members of three- and five-person groups discussed and decided on two budget reduction issues, under either majority or unanimity decision criterion. In one issue, subjects were provided "constituency survey" data and asked to play the roles of congressmen. The survey data were manipulated in such a way that a distinguishable distribution of (1,1,1) for three person groups and a distinguishable distribution of (2,1,1,1,0) for five person groups were created. Strategic position change was examined in terms of individual preference orders. The theoretical framework, which allowed a new scheme (Majority, Strategic position change otherwise) to be tested, was proposed as an extension of Social Decision Scheme theory, incorporationg individual preference orders. Results suggested that strategic position change seems to play an important role when a group has a difficult time of reaching a decision. When no clear majority existed at the outset of group discussion, a group took a longer time for discussion, and there was evidence for more strategic position change. Also, when subjects belonged to a smaller faction, they tended to change their positions insincerely.|
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1986.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2014-12-15|