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|Title:||Market Policies for Control of Multiple Pollutants: Management Issues and Methods of Analysis|
|Author(s):||Lence, Barbara Jean|
|Doctoral Committee Chair(s):||Brill, E. Downey,; Eheart, J. Wayland|
|Department / Program:||Civil Engineering|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Subject(s):||Engineering, Sanitary and Municipal
Urban and Regional Planning
|Abstract:||Transferable discharge permit (TDP) programs for managing multiple pollutants may be complicated by the interactive environmental impacts and by the joint treatment costs of the pollutants. Under such systems, pollutants may be managed as several individual commodities, or grouped together and managed as a weighted sum of the various pollutants. This thesis presents approaches for (1) evaluating the cost efficiency of TDP programs in which permits for several pollutants are traded as individual commodities, (2) estimating the cost effective weighting factors for TDP programs in which pollutants are grouped together, and (3) determining the equilibrium distribution of financial burden among dischargers participating in TDP markets for multiple pollutants. These approaches are demonstrated for a water quality management program that controls BOD, phosphorus, and nitrogen discharges in a river basin.
For programs that manage pollutants individually, two market scenarios, representing simultaneous and sequential TDP markets, are developed to provide high and low benchmarks for cost efficiency, respectively. The costs of these scenarios are compared with each other and with that of a uniform treatment approach. These comparisons suggest that a TDP program that manages several pollutants on an individual basis is a cost effective management strategy for conventional pollutants and that any interdependencies that exist among these pollutants in terms of waste treatment costs do not limit the effectiveness of this program.
TDP programs in which pollutants are grouped together reduce the number of permit markets necessary to manage these pollutants. The cost effective weighing factors for such programs are functions of the treatment costs and water quality impacts of the given pollutants and are difficult to determine without complete system information. An approach is developed for estimating these weighting factors for cases where treatment cost information is unknown or uncertain. Programs that manage pollutants as a weighted sum are simulated for five sets of treatment cost data, representing different estimates for the relative marginal treatment costs of the various pollutants. The results of these simulations may be used to identify the cost effective weighting factors that achieve adequate environmental protection and are robust to a range of treatment cost information.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1988.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2014-12-15|
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
Dissertations and Theses - Civil and Environmental Engineering
Graduate Dissertations and Theses at Illinois
Graduate Theses and Dissertations at Illinois