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Title:Selection and Assortative Mating
Author(s):Fernando, Rohan Luigi
Department / Program:Animal Science
Discipline:Animal Science
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Biology, Genetics
Abstract:Theoretical aspects of selection and assortative mating were considered separately and jointly. Selection based on the conditional mean of the merit variable given the data maximizes the expected value of the merit variable when the proportion selected is constant. This is optimal even if candidates to be evaluated and the available information are a function of previous selection decisions. Two-stage selection maximizing the expected merit of candidates selected in the second stage, was developed. Recursive formulae were derived for phenotypic and genetic variances and covariances after t generations of assortative mating based on linear combinations of phenotypic values of two traits (mating rules). Selection efficiency after t generations of assortative mating without selection was expressed as a function of the mating rule, and the rule maximizing selection efficiency was obtained numerically. For two examples considered, the optimum rule increased selection efficiency by 29% and 17% after 31 and 36 generations. Also, the sign of the genetic correlation could be changed by assortative mating on linear combinations of traits. Models with two alleles per locus (Model A) or an infinite number of alleles per locus (Model B) were used to examine jointly assortative mating and selection, assuming a population of infinite size for each model. The effects of assortative mating on genetic change was greater when heritability in the base population and the proportion selected were high and the initial gene frequency was low. The effect of number of loci was obscure with Model A. With Model B, the advantage of assortative mating over random mating increased with number of loci. Assortative mating and selection in a finite population were studied for a model with two alleles per locus using computer simulation. Results were similar to those obtained from Model A.
Issue Date:1984
Type:Text
Description:151 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1984.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/70021
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8502139
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-15
Date Deposited:1984


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