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Title:An Experimental Study of Flame Holding
Author(s):Malik, Sarmad
Department / Program:Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering
Discipline:Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Engineering, Aerospace
Abstract:In the present study the flame holding mechanism for lean methane- and lean propane-air flames is examined under conditions where the recirculation zone is absent.
The main objective of this work is to study the holding process in detail in an attempt to determine the mechanism of flame holding and also the conditions where this mechanism is viable and when it fails and blow-off occurs.
Inverted flames held in the wake of a flat strip were studied. Experiments with different sizes of flame holders have been performed. The velocity flow field was determined using a Laser Doppler Velocimetry technique. Equation of continuity was used to calculate the flame temperature from the change in area of flow streamlines before and after the flame. Observations of the inverted flame itself were obtained using schlieren and direct photography.
Results show that there are different mechanisms operative at the time of blow-off for lean propane and methane flames. Blow-off or extinction occurs for lean propane-air flame in spite of the reaction going to completion and the disparity between the heat loss and the gain in mass diffusion in the reaction zone i.e. Le < 1.0 causes the flame to blow-off. For methane-air flame the controlling factor for blow-off in incomplete reaction due to higher blowing rate leading to reduced resistance time in the reaction zone.
Issue Date:1984
Type:Text
Description:200 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1984.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/70625
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8422125
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-15
Date Deposited:1984


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