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Title:An Inter-Regional Planning Model for Rural Development in Bangladesh
Author(s):Jahan, Sarwar
Department / Program:Geography
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Urban and Regional Planning
Abstract:This dissertation represents an attempt to develop an interregional social accounting model (SAM) for Bangladesh and demonstrate its practical application as appropriate framework for analysis of interregional economic interactions. The model as developed in this dissertation considers interactions among four regions of the country. It is characterized by three-fold division of accounts into production, consumption and other accounts (which includes accumulation and trade). Further divisions of the accounts for production and consumption are also provided so as to capture the interactions among the regions at a more disaggregated level.
The Bangladesh interregional SAM has enabled us to perform several types of spatial economic analyses, the implications of which for policy can hardly be over-emphasized. It has been found that the regions interact more strongly through consumption than production which confirms a recent finding that 'income generation - income consumption' linkages to the industrial economy is more important than the interindustry linkages.
Another important finding of this study is that regions with a less developed economic structure gain less through interregional interactions compared to regions with a more developed economic structure. Intraregional impacts are also smaller in these regions compared to more developed regions.
When agriculture and industry are compared in terms of their impacts on output and employment, it is observed that both intra and interregional impacts of agriculture are larger than the intra and interregional impacts of industry irrespective of the region where initial disturbances occur.
Finally, the results of the study on the impacts of income distribution on output and employment indicate that output levels under an egalitarian income distribution pattern are likely to be higher than the output levels under a more unequal pattern of income distribution. Moreover, an egalitarian distribution pattern is more responsive to increases in exogenous final consumption than a more unequal distribution pattern and is therefore likely to lead to larger increases in output and employment.
Issue Date:1987
Description:228 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1987.
Other Identifier(s):(UMI)AAI8711813
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-12-15
Date Deposited:1987

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