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|Title:||Waimea-Kawaihae, a Leeward Hawaii Settlement System|
|Author(s):||Clark, Jeffrey Todd|
|Department / Program:||Anthropology|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Abstract:||Settlement system studies have long been recognized by archaeologists as important means for understanding the past. The goal of this dissertation is an analysis of settlement systems in the geographic region of leeward Hawaii. The study focuses on the Waimea-Kawaihae region, district of Kohala, island of Hawaii. Secondary attention is given to the rest of Kohala and tertiary consideration is given to the remainder of leeward Hawaii. By settlement system is meant the structural and functional relationships between local human populations and between those populations and their ecological contexts. To investigate past settlement systems the study provides a diachronic examination of local and regional environment, demography, economy, and settlement patterns.
The work is organized into four parts. The first outlines the goals of the study, the research framework, and the organization of the presentation. The chapters of the second part provide background information on the study. They include a review of the history of archaeological field work in the study area, a survey of the present environmental conditions, a sketch of the social environment of the Hawaiian islands at the time of contact, a discussion of the major socio-political units in the study area, and a review of the historical background of the Waimea-Kawaihae region. Part three is largely descriptive and consists of data oriented chapters. This part provides a summary of dating techniques, a proposed chronological framework, a presentation of analytical terms used, and summaries of the archaeological remains of the major settlement zones in leeward Hawaii. The fourth part of the presentation is analytical. It is there that a set of hypotheses and propositions regarding various aspects of paleoenvironment, paleodemography, paleoeconomy, and past settlement patterns are evaluated. The final chapter addresses the issue of settlement system as a whole by drawing from the discussions of prior chapters.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1986.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2014-12-16|