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|Title:||The Roots of State Intervention in The Contemporary Brazilian Economy|
|Author(s):||Gomes, Gustavo Pedrosa De Maia|
|Department / Program:||Economics|
|Degree Granting Institution:||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign|
|Abstract:||This study attempts to explain the character of state intervention in the Brazilian economy, i.e. it attempts to explain why the state has implemented certain policies instead of others. In order to follow the process through which the roots of state intervention in the Brazilian economy have developed, the study reviews Brazilian history from its origins. Special attention is given to the period going from the military take-over in 1964 to the beginnings of the present crisis in the late seventies and early eighties.
The thesis comprises four parts. Part One deals with the earliest period, and is but a very brief review of more than four centuries of economic and social transformation in Brazil. Part Two focuses on the crucial 34 years (1930-1964) of Brazil's economic development. This was also a period in which the state became gradually more involved with the task of furthering the country's industrialization. Parts Three and Four are concerned with contemporary Brazil, especially with the economic policies implemented by the military regime that emerged from the overthrow of the Goulart government.
The basic thesis of this study can be summarily stated this way. From its inception, Brazil's society has been characterized by blatant class exploitation, as revealed, for instance, by an extremely uneven distribution of income and property ownership. The dominant classes have almost always been able to use the state to maintain and expand their domination, a fact which is reflected both in the character of the state policies and in the perpetuation of class exploitation throughout the centuries. As part of this general framework, the intervention of the state in the Brazilian economy has been geared to promoting the interests of the dominant classes to the highest politically feasible degree. Economic policies can only be understood as reflections of this struggle among social classes, in which dominant classes seek to expand their domination, and dominated classes fight back as they can.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1985.
|Date Available in IDEALS:||2014-12-16|